“Historiske fliser” is 100% handmade. A unique and authentic product made by the most skilful experts in the world. The tiles are made by hydraulic pressed concrete, and all the ingredients utilised are environmentally friendly and sustainable. One of the indications of a handmade tile is tiny deviations in colour and thickness between the tiles. This is normal and gives “Historiske fliser” its unique and beautiful character.
First, make sure the surface of the floor is stable and clean. You should estimate 1,5 to 2 times normal consumption of tile adhesive compared to regular tiles, in order to adjust any differences in height between the tiles.
Immerse “Historiske fliser” quickly in clean water (10 seconds) before applying the tile adhesive ( or if you choose to put the adhesive directly on the floor). This ensures that the moisture in the adhesive is not dried out. Use a tile trowel with teeth (10-12 mm) to apply the adhesive. Ensure that the adhesive covers 100% of the area where the tiles are to be laid in order to avoid air pockets, which can cause the tiles to loosen. Do not use a rubber mallet when laying the tiles, only hand-power. If any adhesive is spilled on the tiles, remove immediately.
If you are laying the tiles on a floor without underfloor heating, we recommend 2 mm of grout. On floors with underfloor heating, we recommend 3-4 mm of grout. The tiles are best cut with a water cooled tile cutter or an angle grinder. Wait about six weeks before turning on any floor heating.
Wipe the floor with clean water – not soap, and await further proceedings until the tiles are completely dry. For best result, we recommend to first clean the tiles with Fila Cleaner (mixing ratio 1:30), then wipe the tiles with clean water. The tile adhesive should dry for about 24 hours.
All our tiles are impregnated twice at the factory. In addition, we recommend impregnating one more time before grouting with Fila Hydrarep (Fila Fob), and two to three times after grouting with Fila Fob. If you choose one of our Terrazzo models you only need one layer of impregnator before and after grouting. If you are using the tiles in a bathroom, we recommend a ceramic (burned) tile in the shower area, such as a mosaic tile. If you have a shower enclosure or a bathtub you can use the “Historiske fliser” on the entire floor.
Choose a cement based grout, off-white or other light colours. Do not use dark-coloured grout.
It may be beneficial to moisten the grout/joints first, but do not leave liquid water in the grout lines. Press the grout down to the bottom of the grout lines and drag the grout shovel both ways at the top of the line. Remove excess grout with a rubber scraper.
Det kan være en fordel å fukte fugene først, men ikke la det ligge flytende vann i sprekken. Press fugemassen helt ned til bunnen av fugesprekken og dra fugespaden begge veier på toppen. Fjern overflødig masse med gummiskrape.
Grout about 1sqare meter at a time, and remove excess grout with clean water before proceeding. Change water frequently.
Tip. Finally, clean/rinse the floor with e.g. Fila PS87 diluted with water (mixing ratio 1:5. The water should be about 30 degrees). Use a white synthetic pad to clean the surface of the tile. Remove all soap residue with a lint-free cloth and water.
Tiles placed on the wall.
Use Tech7 as tile adhesive, use 2-3mm grout and impregnate the tiles with Fila Fob (read more below). Grout as described above.
When you have finished laying the tiles, apply 2-4 coats of Fila Fob impregnator. Leave the tiles for drying overnight between coats. Remove excess impregnator which is not absorbed.
Tip. Use the “water test” to determine whether the tiles have been sufficiently impregnated by adding a drop of water onto the surface. If the water is not absorbed you are good to go! Wiping off the water after a few minutes. There should be minimal visible moisture.
Consumption of impregnation for about 10m2 floor:
– Fila Hydrorep, a little less than 1 liter.
– Filafob, about 1-2 liters.
It is possible to apply a top layer of wax on the tiles in dry rooms. The wax will add a membrane that provides additional protection to the tiles. Most commonly used wax is Filamatt (matt finish), Filasatin (satin finish) or Fila Jet (high gloss). The wax is applied to the floor in a thin layer using a fleece mop or similar. About 1 hour drying time.
Tip. If you choose to wax the floor, this should be maintained after about 3-5 months depending on usage. Alternatively, add some wax into your floor cleaner once in a while.
Cleaning and maintenance
We recommend cleaning “Historiske fliser” with a Ph-neutral detergent, preferably Fila Cleaner (mixing ratio 1:30)
Handmade cement tiles have a matt absorbent surface that cannot be held completely free from dirt and grime. With time, “Historiske fliser” will gain natural wear and tear and a kind of historical patina. This is what makes them beautiful and vibrant compared to traditional ceramic tiles. If you discover unwanted stains, which cannot be removed with a regular detergent, try to clean the tiles with “Jif skurekrem” or a similar product. If this does not remove the stains/dirt, try using a fine grit wet-and-dry paper (200-300 grits) in combination with Fila PS87 and water to scrub away the stain. Then, apply a new layer of impregnation on the cleaned area.
If red wine, coffee, lemon, blueberry, olive oil etc. is spilled on the floor, remove as soon as possible in order to avoid or minimizing stains. Same applies to all types of cement tiles.
Important! All our tiles are handmade, therefore, any claim of error regarding colour, design or quality needs to be addressed to us before the tiles are laid.
The above-mentioned installation guide is only meant as guidance, not a guarantee. Always read the manufacturer’s description carefully! “Historiske AS” is not responsible for any mistakes made during or after installation of the tiles.